Jon Einar Flatnes, The Ohio State University
Improving the quality of index insurance with a satellite-based conditional audit contract
Date and Location
Tuesday, April 2, 2019, 4:10 PM - 5:30 PM
ARE Library Conference Room, 4101 Social Sciences and Humanities
While index insurance offers a compelling solution to the problem of covariant risk among smallholder farmers in developing countries, most weather-based contracts have suffered from poor quality. This paper demonstrates that a contract based on satellite data combined with a second-stage conditional audit has the potential to improve index insurance quality. We develop a welfare-based metric for quantifying index insurance quality and use this to identify an optimal audit trigger. Using plot-level panel data of 323 smallholder rice farmers in Tanzania, we estimate a hypothetical willingness to pay for a set of contracts. Our simulation results indicate that demand for the conditional audit contract is 36% under reasonable assumptions, while demand for a satellite-only contract is 22%. Overall, these results indicate that in datascarce environments where area-yield contracts are infeasible, a satellite-based conditional audit contract may be superior to standard index insurance contracts.
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